FIRST AID FOR ALLERGIES: THINGS TO KNOW AND DO

Administrator


Seafood. Insect bites. Molds. Medications. Pollen. Dust. These are just some triggers or allergens that cause an allergic reaction, with symptoms that manifest in the nose, throat, ears or the skin.[1] Allergic reactions can present as skin irritation like rashes or hives, sneezing, nausea or in extreme cases, anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition that could lead to shock, difficulty in breathing or a drop in blood pressure.[2]

 

In the case of an extreme allergic reaction, which can lead to anaphylaxis, seek immediate medical help. For those who have been diagnosed as at risk for severe allergic reactions, it is best to have the prescribed emergency medicine at hand and have medical identification tag to help responders identify the problem.[3] If the victim has a known allergy, use the prescribed auto-injector or the available medicines as prescribed by your doctor.[4]

 

For asthma, an asthma management and attack action plan should always be ready. It will also be helpful to have a history of ambulance and nearby hospitals in case of emergency.

 

For food allergies, it is important to be aware of which food or food group can trigger allergic reactions. The most common are eggs, fish, peanuts, shellfish, dairy, and wheat. It is best to check on ingredients used for dishes, especially when eating out, to prevent an allergic incident. Make it a habit to read the labels of food that are purchased to eliminate possible allergy triggers.[5]

 

For insect allergies like bee sting, first-aid should start by removing the insect or stinger, making sure not to squeeze the stinger to prevent further entry of venom into the body. Then clean the affected area with soap and water, and apply antiseptic. Once clean and dry, apply cream or lotion and cover with a bandage. Should swelling occur, apply cold compress. Consult a doctor or medical professional for the proper medication.[6]

 

One of the most accessible and immediate treatments for allergies are over-the-counter antihistamines which block histamine receptors and prevent the body from reacting to the allergen.[7]

 

Any symptoms of allergic reactions should be taken seriously as understanding and familiarizing oneself to the signs and symptoms and taking the appropriate action will go a long way in preventing complications that can be detrimental to ones health and wellness.


 

[1] American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology. [n.d.]. ALLERGIES. Retrieved from https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/allergies

 

[2] Pietrangelo, A. [2018, May]. Allergic Reaction First Aid: What to Do. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/allergies/allergic-reaction-treatment

 

[3] BetterHealth Channel. [n.d.]. Allergic reactions emergency first aid. Retrieved from https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/allergic-reactions-emergency-first-aid

 

[4] British Red Cross. [n.d.] Learn first aid for someone having a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). Retrieved from https://www.redcross.org.uk/first-aid/learn-first-aid/allergic-reaction

 

[5] BetterHealth Channel. [n.d.]. Food allergy and intolerance. Retrieved from https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/ConditionsAndTreatments/food-allergy-and-intolerance

 

[6] Pietrangelo, A. [2018, May]. Allergic Reaction First Aid: What to Do.Treatment for plant or bite allergies. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/allergies/allergic-reaction-treatment#outdoor-reactions

 

[7] Pietrangelo, A. [2018, May]. Allergic Reaction First Aid: What to Do. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/allergies/allergic-reaction-treatment