Medical Perspectives | Others

July 13, 2020



Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), also referred to as Attention-Deficit Disorder[1], affects 3-5% of the global population[2] and is recognized as one of the “most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood”[3].

 

ADHD is described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5th edition (DSM-5TM) as “a manifestation of persistent patterns of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interfere with functioning or development,”[4] characterized by inattention and hyperactivity. As the Philippines marks the 16th Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Week, we look at the myths and facts on ADHD.

 

Myth: ADHD not a medical condition.

“Kulang sa pansin” [Lacks attention]. “Makulit” [persistent to the point of being annoying]. These are some of the common descriptions of people with ADHD, which sometimes makes people think ADHD is not a medical condition at all. Various international authorities on health and diseases recognize ADHD as a medical condition, including the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Psychiatric Assocation.[5]

 

Myth: Children with ADHD will outgrow it.

While some symptoms of ADHD may lessen or disappear altogether as children grow older, they will still have symptoms until they become adults.[6] If ADHD is addressed properly, the manifestations and symptoms can be managed or may be diminished, but the ADHD will still be present even as adults.[7]

 

Myth: ADHD is a result of bad parenting.

One of the most common misconceptions about ADHD is that it is a lack of parenting or discipline that causes the behavior. Because ADHD does not have a visible injury, it is easier for outsiders to think that it is a lack of appropriate action on the parents which has led to the condition.[8]

 

Myth: The only way to treat ADHD is to use medication.

There are several ways to handle and address ADHD, aside from medication. Some of these include behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.[9]

To get the proper diagnosis and options for treatment, the first order of business is to consult a medical professional. They will be able to guide in the choice of treatment and all other relevant concerns.

 

[1] Rawe, J. [n.d.]. ADHD Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/adhd-fact-sheet

[2] Dela Cruz, Y. [2010, October]. Salamat Dok: ADHD: Kulang sa Pansin? Retrieved from https://news.abs-cbn.com/current-affairs-programs/10/30/10/salamat-dok-adhd-kulang-sa-pansin

[3] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [2019, August]. What is ADHD? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html

[4] The ADHD Society of the Philippines. [n.d.] Q: What is ADHD? Retrieved from https://adhdsocphils.org/what-is-ad-hd/faq/

[5] Morin, A. [n.d.] 10 Common Myths About ADHD. Retreived from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/10-common-myths-about-adhd

[6] Morin, A. [n.d.] 10 Common Myths About ADHD. Retreived from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/10-common-myths-about-adhd

[7] Low, Keath. [2019, September]. Do Kids Outgrow ADHD? Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/do-kids-outgrow-adhd-20509

[8] Morin, A. [n.d.] 10 Common Myths About ADHD. Retreived from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/10-common-myths-about-adhd

[9] Morin, A. [n.d.] 10 Common Myths About ADHD. Retreived from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/10-common-myths-about-adhd

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